In case you ever wondered about these:

 

Betty: This baked dessert dates back to the colonial times. The most common Betty is the Apple Brown Betty which is made with brown sugar. A Betty also calls for buttered bread crumbs

Buckle:  Buckles are baked and are usually made in one or two ways. The first way is that bottom layer is cake-like with the berries mixed in. Then the top layer is crumb-like. The second way is where the cake layer is on the bottom of the pan, the berries are the next layer and the top is the crumble mixture. Blueberry Buckle is the most prevalent Buckle recipe found.

Clafouti: This is a dessert that originated in the French countryside. It is a dessert that the fruit is topped with either a cake or pudding topping. The Clafouti is often considered a baked pudding.

Cobbler: The fruit filling is put in a deep baking dish and topped with a biscuit dough. The dough may completely cover the fruit or it may just be dropped in handfuls. Either way, a cobbler is baked.

Crumble: Similar to the Crisp, the topping is crumbled over the fruit filling in the pan. A Crumble is baked.

Crisp: In this baked dessert, the fruit filling is covered with a crunchy topping

 

CONVERSION TABLES
 
 
U.S. COOKING MEASURES

3 teaspoons

1 tablespoon

ounce

4 tablespoons

cup

2 ounces

1 stick butter

cup

4 ounces

2 cups

1 pint

1 pound

1 pint

16 ounces

1 pound

4 cups

1 quart

2 pounds

4 quarts

1 gallon

8 pounds

 
 
 
MEASUREMENT CONVERSIONS

BRITISH

US

METRIC

1 teaspoon (t)

1 teaspoon

5 grams

1 dessertspoon (D)

2 teaspoons

10 grams

1 tablespoon (T)

1 tablespoon

15 grams

4 fluid ounces

cup

113 grams

1 teacup (C)

1 cup

226 grams

4/5 imperial pint

2 cups (1 pint)

0.45 litre

4/5 imperial quart

1 quart

0.90 litre

4/5 imperial gallon

1 gallon

3.6 litre

1 pound

1 pound

454 grams

 
 

1 U.S. pint = 16 ounces and 1 U.S. gallon = 8 pounds
1 imperial pint = 20 ounces and 1 imperial gallon = 10 pounds.
1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons.
15 tablespoons = 1 cup

 

 

OVEN TEMPERATURES

CELSIUS

FAHRENHEIT

HEAT

GAS NO.

65

Warm

Pilot light

110

Very slow

1/4

120

Very slow

1/2

135

Very slow

1

150

Slow

2

165

Slow

3

180

Moderate

4

190

Moderate

5

200

Hot

6

220

Hot

7


 

Fahrenheit Celsius
-40F -40C
-22F -30C
-20F -28.9C
-10F -23.3C
-4F -20C
0F -17.8C
10F -12.2C
14F -10C
20F -6.7C
30F -1.1C
32F 0C
40F 4.4C
50F 10C
60F 15.6C
68F 20C
70F 21.1C
80F 26.7C
86F 30C
90F 32.2C
100F 37.8C
Fahrenheit Celsius
104F 40C
110F 43.3C
120F 48.9C
122F 50C
130F 54.4C
140F 60C
150F 65.6C
158F 70C
160F 71.1C
170F 76.7C
176F 80C
180F 82.2C
190F 87.8C
194F 90C
200F 93.3C
210F 98.9C
212F 100C
220F 104.4C
230F 110C
240F 115.6C
Fahrenheit Celsius
248F 120C
250F 121C
260F 126.7C
266F 130C
270F 132.2C
280F 137.8C
284F 140C
290F 143.3C
300F 149C
302F 150C
310F 154.4C
320F 160C
330F 165.6C
338F 170C
340F 171.1C
350F 176.7C
356F 180C
360F 182.2C
370F 187.8C
Fahrenheit Celsius
374F 190C
380F 193.3C
390F 198.9C
392F 200C
400F 204.4C
410F 210C
420F 215.6C
428F 220C
430F 221.1C
440F 226.7C
446F 230C
450F 232.2C
460F 237.7C
462F 240C
470F 243.3C
480F 248.9C
482F 250C
490F 254.4C
500F 260C

Here is how to do the math on your own:

To convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius
To convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit

Subtract 32
Divide the result by 9
Multiply by 5

Example: convert 98.6 Fahrenheit to Celsius.
98.6 - 32 = 66.6
66.6 / 9 = 7.4
7.4 x 5 = 37
therefore, 98.6F is equal to 37C

Multiply by 9
Divide by 5
Add 32

Example: convert 37 Celsius to Fahrenheit
37 x 9 = 333
333 / 5 = 66.6
66.6 + 32 = 98.6
therefore, 37C is equal to 98.6F

 

 

Units of Measure Conversion Chart

LIQUID MEASURES
United States British Metric
tsp Tbsp fl oz c pt qt gal Gill   ml l
1/4 1/12 1/24           1/4 tsp 1.2 .001
1/2 1/6 1/12           1/2 tsp 2.5 .002
3/4 1/4 1/8           3/4 tsp 3.7 .004
1 1/3 1/6           1 tsp 5 .005
1 1/2 1/2 1/4           1 1/2 tsp 7 .007
2 2/3 1/3           2 tsp 10 .010
2 1/2 5/6 2/5           2 1/3 tsp 12 .012
3 1 1/2 1/16         2 2/3 tsp 15 .015
4 1 1/3 2/3 1/12         1 Tbsp 20 .020
5 1 2/3 5/6 1/9         1 1/4 Tbsp 25 .025
6 2 1 1/8         1 1/2 Tbsp 30 .030
12 4 2 1/4 1/8 3/50 1/64 1/2 3 Tbsp 59 .059
18 6 3 3/8 1/6 1/11 1/43 3/4 4 Tbsp 89 .089
24 8 4 1/2 1/4 1/8 1/32 1 1/6 pt 118 .118
36 12 6 3/4 1/3 1/6 3/64 1 1/2 1/4 pt 177 .177
48 16 8 1 1/2 1/4 1/16 2 1/3 pt 237 .237
96 32 16 2 1 1/2 1/8 4 2/3 pt 473 .47
120 40 20 2 1/2 1 1/5 3/5 1/6 5 1 pt 591 .59
144 48 24 3 1 4/9 5/7 1/5 6 1 1/4 pt 710 .71
192 64 32 4 2 1 1/4 8 1 2/3 pt 946 .946
384 128 64 8 4 2 1/2 16 3 1/4 pt 1893 1.893
492 164 82 10 5 2 1/2 2/3 20 2 qts 2425 2.425
576 192 96 12 6 3 3/4 24 2 1/2 qts 2839 2.839
768 256 128 16 8 4 1 32 3 qts 3785 3.785
960 320 160 20 10 5 1 1/4 40 1 gal 4732 4.732
1152 384 192 24 12 6 1 1/2 48 1 1/4 gal 5678 5.678
1344 448 224 28 13 7 1 3/4 56 1 1/2 gal 6624 6.624
1536 512 256 32 15 8 2 64 1 3/4 gal 7571 7.571
1728 576 288 36 17 9 2 1/4 72 2 gal 8517 8.517
tsp Tbsp fl oz c pt qt gal Gills   ml l

 

DRY MEASURES

US and British

Metric

tsp

Tbsp

oz

c

lb

g

1/4

1/12

 

 

 

1

1/2

1/6

 

 

 

2

3/4

1/4

 

 

 

4

1

1/3

 

 

 

5

1 1/2

1/2

 

 

 

7

2

2/3

 

 

 

9

2 1/2

5/6

 

 

 

12

3

1

1/2

1/16

 

14

4

1 1/3

2/3

1/12

 

19

5

1 2/3

5/6

1/9

 

24

6

2

1

1/8

1/16

28

12

4

2

1/4

1/8

57

18

6

3

3/8

1/5

85

24

8

4

1/2

1/4

113

36

12

6

3/4

3/8

170

48

16

8

1

1/2

227

96

32

16

2

1

454

120

40

20

2 1/2

1 1/4

567

144

48

24

3

1 1/2

680

192

64

32

4

2

907

384

128

64

8

4

1814

492

164

82

10

5

2325

576

192

96

12

6

2722

768

256

128

16

8

3629

960

320

160

20

10

4536

1152

384

192

24

12

5443

1344

448

224

28

14

6350

1536

512

256

32

16

7257

1728

576

288

36

18

8165

tsp

Tbsp

oz

c

lb

g

 

 

To convert American fluid ounces to British fluid ounces, multiply the American ounces by 1.04. It is also important to keep in mind that American and British fluid pints are the same in name only. An American fluid pint contains 16 American ounces while a British fluid pint contains 20 British ounces. If the American recipe called for a pint of a liquid, it would be equal to approximately 15 1/3 British fluid ounces.

 

To convert British fluid ounces to American fluid ounces, divide the British ounces by 1.04. It is also important to keep in mind that British and American fluid pints are the same in name only. A British fluid pint contains 20 British ounces while an American fluid pint contains 16 American ounces. If the British recipe called for a pint of a liquid, it would be equal to approximately 1 1/3 American fluid pints.

 

 

 

Weight:

  • To convert ounces to grams, multiply the number of ounces by 28.35.
  • To convert pounds to kilograms, divide the number of pounds by 2.205.

Liquid Measure:

  • To convert ounces to milliliters, multiply the number of ounces by 29.573.
  • To convert ounces to liters, divide the number of ounces by 33.815.
  • To convert pints to liters, divide the number of pints by 2.114.
  • To convert quarts to liters, divide the number of quarts by 1.057.

 

Weight:

  • To convert grams to ounces, divide the number of grams by 28.35.
  • To convert kilograms to pounds, multiply the number of kilograms by 2.205.

Liquid Measure:

  • To convert milliliters to ounces, divide the number of milliliters by 29.573.
  • To convert liters to ounces, multiply the number of liters by 33.815.
  • To convert liters to pints, multiply the number of liters by 2.114.
  • To convert liters to quarts, multiply the number of liters by 1.057.


Liquid Measures
Dry Measures
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons = 1 ounce
4 ounces = 1 gill
2 gills= 1 cup (8 ounces)
2 cups = 1 pint (16 ounces)
2 pints = 1 quart (32 ounces)
4 quarts = 1 gallon (128 ounces)
2 cups = 1 pint
2 pints = 1 quart
8 quarts = 1 peck
4 pecks = 1 bushel





 

British (Imperial) Liquid Units of Measure
5 British ounces = 1 gill
4 gills = 1 pint (20 British ounces)
2 pints = 1 quart (40 British ounces)
4 quarts = 1 gallon (160 British ounces)

 







 
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